-Lira is first project born out of eToro’s acquisition of smart contract company, Firmo, earlier this year –
eToro, the global multi-asset investment company, has today released the details of Lira, a new open-source programming language for financial contracts. Lira is the first step in bringing the $500 trillion OTC derivatives market onto the Blockchain by introducing a new formal contract language.(i)
Lira is a domain-specific language that can be used to write OTC financial contracts for assets currently on the Ethereum blockchain. It is both secure and easy to programme whilst guaranteeing self-executing global settlement and automated trade reporting and monitoring. It’s easy tracking and compression will enable better collateral requirement efficiencies. Furthermore, it is the first decentralised finance (DeFi) project that will look to expand the code across different blockchains now that it is open-sourced.
Yoni Assia, CEO and Co-Founder of eToro, commented: “Bringing the OTC derivatives market onto the blockchain will bring more transparency and capital efficiencies to the industry. Activities in the post-trade cycle, such as settlement and the clearing of derivatives, are both expensive and a source of systemic risk. We believe that blockchain technology can provide a secure execution environment in which settlement is guaranteed by design. That is why today we are introducing a new formal contract language – Lira. This has the potential to open up and transform the derivatives market.”
At present, native blockchain scripting languages are subject to broad design requirements. This makes them error-prone (as seen for example by the Dao Hack) and thus unsuitable for writing financial contracts. The flexibility that is offered by the native language is also a potential security threat, presenting an opportunity for attackers.
Professor Omri Ross, eToro’s Chief Blockchain Scientist, said: “45% of smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain have errors because of the broad nature of their design. Lira is built on formal verification, a mathematical equation that proves the language will deliver the promised outcomes.”
“We have decided to make this language open source so that the community can help to move forward what we hope will be an important addition to DeFi. We envision this code to be developed further across different blockchains and will include algorithms to help reduce collateral burdens thereby helping to increase liquidity in the derivatives market. By being able to write financial contracts on the blockchain, Lira could open up the derivatives market and decentralise one of the most important financial industries in the world.”
Lira was developed by eToroX Labs. Led by Professor Omri Ross, eToro’s Chief Blockchain Scientist, it acts as an internal innovation unit tasked with the research and development of infrastructure for the representation of assets and the execution of trade processes on blockchain infrastructure. Omri will be hosting a two hour workshop session on Lira at the forthcoming Devcon in Osaka in October.
eToro has a history of supporting the development of the crypto community with projects such as Coloured Coins and GoodDollar. Lira is another contribution to the blockchain community who support this latest project.
Greg Dipriso, Global Head of Business Development at MakerDAO, said, “Lira is a great step in opening the Defi space for new products suited for servicing the OTC market.”
Nicolas Arqueros, CTO of Emurgo, added, “Lira is based on functional language and formal verification, we believe these will be an essential part in the future of blockchain technology and financial protocols.”
Yoav Weiss, CTO of Tabookey, commented,“The full potential of blockchain technology for financial markets has not yet been realised. Lira presents a practical solution for the derivatives market and is underpinned a strong team. We’ll be following the project’s development closely.”
Derivatives are at their most basic, a contract that derives its value from the performance of an underlying entity (asset, index or interest rate).
(i)Source: Bank for International Settlements, 2019: https://www.bis.org/publ/otc_hy1905.htm
eToro was founded in 2007 with the vision of opening up the global markets so that everyone can trade and invest in a simple and transparent way. The eToro Group consists of the eToro platform, our multi-asset trading and investment venue, and eToroX, which manages our crypto wallet and exchange.
The eToro platform enables people to invest in the assets they want, from stocks and commodities to cryptoassets. We are a global community of more than ten million registered users who share their investment strategies; and anyone can follow the approaches of those who have been the most successful. Due to the simplicity of the platform users can easily buy, hold and sell assets, monitor their portfolio in real time, and transact whenever they want.
As technology has evolved, so has our business. In 2018, we created eToroX, our tokenized asset subsidiary. eToroX provides the infrastructure, in the form of a crypto wallet and the forthcoming exchange, that supports our commitment to facilitating the evolution of tokenized assets. We believe that leveraging blockchain technology will enable us to become the first truly global service provider allowing everyone to trade, invest and save.
eToroX is a subsidiary of the eToro Group. The business was formed in 2018 to provide the infrastructure to support eToro Group’s commitment to facilitating the evolution of tokenized assets. It provides eToro’s newly launched wallet and runs the exchange.
The distributed ledger technology (DLT) provider licence was granted by the Gibraltar Financial Services Commission to eToroX in December 2018 (licence number FSC1333B). eToroX is incorporated in Gibraltar with company number 116348 and its registered office is at 57/63 Line Wall Road, Gibraltar.
About eToroX Labs
Created in 2019, eToroX Labs is a hugely talented team at the forefront of blockchain exploration and innovation. Led by Professor Omri Ross, eToro’s Chief Blockchain Scientist, it acts as an internal innovation unit tasked with the research and development of infrastructure for the representation of assets and the execution of trade processes on blockchain infrastructure.
eToro is regulated in Europe by the Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission, regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in the UK, and by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission in Australia.
eToroX is incorporated in Gibraltar with company number 116348 and its registered office is at 57/63 Line Wall Road, Gibraltar. It’s distributed ledger technology (DLT) provider licence was granted by the Gibraltar Financial Services Commission in December 2018 (licence number FSC1333B).
Bitcoin of 2020: On the Rise, Better Established, and Much More Stable
Why Bitcoin is Continuing to Climb, from More Solid Ground Than Ever
Last night saw Bitcoin once again soaring up the market, with a 6% increase over the course of three hours. This continues a fantastic start to the year for the world’s largest decentralized currency, which is up 30% since January 1st, and pulling along with it several other primary cryptocurrencies, including Ether, Litecoin, Ripple, and Dash.
A Significant Moment for Bitcoin
January 2020 is certainly proving highly significant for Bitcoin. The sharp increases and painful falls of the past pale into comparison with now, as the current increase seems to come from a far better-established position with much more stability. Furthermore, the activity around Bitcoin is expanding in exchanges, banks, and other financial institutions, together with its legitimacy and relevancy.
World Economic Forum
Last week, at the World Economic Forum annual summit at Davos, Switzerland, Bitcoin, cryptocurrencies, and blockchain technology were honored guests. Many of the billionaires, bankers and treasury ministers who gathered in Davos are still fairly skeptical about the decentralized economy, but despite this, they also realize that they cannot stop it.
The World Descends into Chaos, And Bitcoin is on the Rise
It seems that the more agitated the world agenda, the more Bitcoin’s popularity grows, and strengthens its status as a…
World’s Richest 22 Men Are Worth The Same As All 325 Million Women In Africa — New Oxfam Report Reveals
The 162 richest people on the planet boast the same wealth as the poorest 50 percent — 3.85 billion — in the world.
From Tuesday, January 21, close to 3,000 delegates — including 53 heads of state — from 117 countries, will participate in the WEF summit in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland. According to the website blurb, the WEF Annual Meeting is “the foremost creative force for engaging the world’s top leaders in collaborative activities to shape global, regional and industry agendas at the beginning of each year”.
This year’s topic, for the great and the good of the business world and politics, is “stakeholders for a cohesive and sustainable world”. While the hellish fires raging in Australia fan the flames for climate change, the perverse irony that most of the 774 public speakers will have been flown into the summit will not be lost on the people who are truly concerned about the heating of the world.
Similarly, that many of the wealthiest people in the world will gather to no doubt use the WEF platform to further boost their richest, through additional business deals and contacts, while…
Cryptocurrency Prices Rally Towards Double-Digit Gains in 2020
The cryptocurrency market has started 2020 with a huge bang, expanding by an impressive 23% within the first two weeks of the year. The overall market capitalization of the cryptocurrency market – a measure of the size of the market – has grown from $192 billion at the start of the year, to well over $240 billion by the middle of January.
Leading the pack is Bitcoin (BTC), which constitutes more than 65% of the overall market size. Going from just under $7,200 at the end of 2019 to a high of $8,800, Bitcoin recorded double-digit gains within two weeks. January 14 saw a spike of more than 11% in Bitcoin’s price, fuelling speculation that the two-year-long cryptocurrency recession could finally be over.
Among the many factors that contributed to Bitcoin’s price increase was the geopolitical upheaval emanating from increasing tensions between the USA and Iran, which led to a flight of safety capital by investors, to safe-haven assets such as gold. Already established as a manifestation of digital gold, it seems hardly coincidental that the prices of both gold and Bitcoin went up.
Another catalyst for the increase was the official…
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