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Ripple CTO Comments on the Decentralization of XRP Ledger




David Schwartz, the CTO of Ripple, wishes to clear things up regarding the decentralized nature of XRP.

Ripple Labs, the parent company of the third largest crypto by market cap, Ripple (XRP), has gone through many accusations of its token being centralized and security, instead of a real cryptocurrency. And while the company always defended XRP by saying that these claims are false and that Ripple’s network is not centralized, the large part of the crypto world has yet to be convinced of this.

This is why Ripple’s top representative, David Schwartz, decided to clear things up and talk about the XRP ledger.

Schwartz about decentralization

The definition of decentralization is pretty clear, and Merriam-Webster dictionary describes it as ‘dispersion or distribution of functions and powers‘. While this seems pretty straightforward, things can get a bit more complicated when the concept is applied to the crypto world. David Schwartz’s recent statement also mentions this, and he says that this concept is largely misunderstood. He also said that the concept is evolving, which makes its true meaning even more difficult to pinpoint.

His report called “The Inherently Decentralized Nature of XRP Ledger” is Schwartz’s attempt to explain things regarding XRP’s decentralization, and potentially put a stop to various accusations of Ripple’s centralized nature.

He continues to say that XRP is different from Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH), which are using algorithms called Proof-of-Work (PoW) in order to reward miners with coins for their service of validating transactions. Ripple cannot be mined, and instead, it uses a special consensus protocol through which validators verify transactions without rewards.

According to him, these validators are located all around the world and include exchanges, institutions, as well as individuals. This makes the XRP ledger truly decentralized and democratic, as it doesn’t provide anyone with full control over the coin.

Ripple’s CEO confirmed this and supported Schwartz’s post via Twitter when he also promised to talk about the subject himself during his next Ask Me Anything session (which is already completed now).

XRP more decentralized than BTC and ETH?

Schwartz then talked about the supposed decentralization of Bitcoin and Ethereum, stating that up to 58% of BTC network is being controlled by the 4 large mining pools at any given time. Even worse, 57% of ETH network is controlled by only three mining pools. As such, he claims that they are actually far less decentralized than Ripple itself.

Even though the US SEC declared that BTC and ETH are not securities due to the fact that they do not have central governing authority, Schwartz claims that the things are not as simple as that. He also stated that almost 80% of BTC mining is coming from a single country — China. That way, Bitcoin might actually be manipulated by one government. He even warns that there is a real danger of the top two cryptos falling victims to 51% attacks, and possibly have fraudulent transactions.

Then, there is Ripple, which needs 80% of its total validators to constantly support changes over the period of two entire weeks before anything new is applied.

Additionally, XRP operates only 10 out of 150 validators that are currently in charge of validating transactions. When it comes to changing things on the network, each validator only has a single vote to cast. In the end, Schwartz has stated that Ripple is controlling XRP much less than China is controlling BTC.

Finally, he stated his last reason, which should convince everyone that Ripple is truly decentralized, and that is the fact that its users need to select UNL (Unique Code List).

That is basically a list of validators that the users trust, and have chosen them themselves. That way, users are free to pick anyone as their validator, instead of getting someone assigned to them at random, or by company’s choice. With that in mind, he claims that Ripple is, and always has been, nothing less than inherently decentralized.

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Disclaimer: This article should not be taken as, and is not intended to provide, investment advice. Global Coin Report and/or its affiliates, employees, writers, and subcontractors are cryptocurrency investors and from time to time may or may not have holdings in some of the coins or tokens they cover. Please conduct your thorough research before investing in any cryptocurrency and read our full disclaimer.

Image courtesy of Brandon Mowinkel via Unsplash


XNO Token of Xeno NFT Hub listed on Bithumb Korea Exchange



Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 25th January, 2021, // ChainWire //

Xeno Holdings Limited ( ), a blockchain solutions company based in Hong Kong, has announced the listing of its ecosystem utility token XNO on the ‘Bithumb Korea’ cryptocurrency exchange on January 21st 2021.

Xeno NFT Hub ( ), developed by Xeno Holdings, enables easy minting of digital items into NFTs while also providing a marketplace where anyone can securely trade NFTs.

The Xeno NFT Hub project team includes former members of the technology project Yosemite X based in San Francisco and professionals such as Gabby Dizon who is a games industry expert and NFT space influencer based in Southeast Asia.

NFT(Non-Fungible Token) technology has recently gained huge focus in the blockchain arena and beyond, making waves in the online gaming sector, the art world, and the digital copyrights industry in recent years. The strongest feature of NFTs is that “NFTs are unique digital assets that cannot be replaced or forged”. Unlike fungible tokens such as Bitcoin or Ether, NFTs are not interchangeable for other tokens of the same type but instead each NFT has a unique value and specific information that cannot be replaced. This fact makes NFTs the perfect solution to record and prove ownership of digital and real-world items like works of art, game items, limited-edition collectibles, and more.

NFTs are already being actively traded in markets globally. For…

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Should Crypto Projects Devote Resources to Community Growth and Marketing?



2020 has been an incredible year for crypto as investors have generated windfall profits and crypto projects have seen their businesses gain the spotlight they’ve been looking for.  While Bitcoin has received most of the attention after major institutional investors announced they were accumulating the increasingly scarce asset, many altcoins have also seen their fair share of glory.  When looking at all the big winners of the past year, the first project that probably comes to mind is Chainlink, having appreciated by more than 550% YTD and now valued at over $4.5 billion.  But, the actual biggest winner of the year is HEX with a YTD return of over 5,000%.

I mention both of the above projects as they have each taken slightly different paths to achieve greatness.  Chainlink has devoted resources toward building a fundamentally sound business with many strategic partnerships while HEX has spent vast sums of money on marketing and promotion.  Both approaches are valid, but one thing is certain, it is absolutely imperative for crypto projects to let the crypto community know what makes them special.  Of course, one of the reasons that makes crypto so valuable is the powerful blockchain technology that most projects are utilizing.

Cryptocurrency vs. Blockchain Technology

It’s important to make a distinction between blockchain technology and cryptocurrency.  Although they are often used interchangeably, they are different.  Blockchain technology and crypto were both created after the 2008 financial crisis, but cryptocurrency…

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XENO starts VIP NFT trading service and collaborates with contemporary artist Hiro Yamagata



Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 24th December, 2020, // ChainWire //

The XENO NFT Hub ( will provide a crypto-powered digital items and collectables trading platform allowing users to create, buy, and sell NFTs. Additionally it will support auction based listings, governance and voting mechanisms, trade history tracking, user rating and other advanced features.

As a first step towards its fully comprehensive service, XENO NFT Hub launched a recent VIP service to select users and early adopters in December 2020 with plans for a full Public Beta to open in June 2021. 

“NFTs are extremely flexible in their usage, from digital event tickets to artwork, and while NFTs have a very wide spectrum of uses and categories XENO will initially focus its partnership efforts and its own item curation on three primary areas: gaming, sports & entertainment, and collectibles.”, said XENO NFT Hub president Anthony Di Franco.

He also added “This does not mean we will prohibit other types of NFTs from our ecosystem However, it simply means that XENO’s efforts as a company will be targeted into these verticals initially as a cohesive business approach.”

Development and Procurement Lead, Gabby Dizon explained, “Despite our initial focus, we found ourselves with a unique opportunity to host some of the works of Mr. Hiro Yamagata. We are collaborating with Japanese artist Hiro Yamagata to enshrine some of his artwork into NFTs.”

Mr. Yamagata has been…

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