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Ripple CTO Comments on the Decentralization of XRP Ledger

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David Schwartz, the CTO of Ripple, wishes to clear things up regarding the decentralized nature of XRP.

Ripple Labs, the parent company of the third largest crypto by market cap, Ripple (XRP), has gone through many accusations of its token being centralized and security, instead of a real cryptocurrency. And while the company always defended XRP by saying that these claims are false and that Ripple’s network is not centralized, the large part of the crypto world has yet to be convinced of this.

This is why Ripple’s top representative, David Schwartz, decided to clear things up and talk about the XRP ledger.

Schwartz about decentralization

The definition of decentralization is pretty clear, and Merriam-Webster dictionary describes it as ‘dispersion or distribution of functions and powers‘. While this seems pretty straightforward, things can get a bit more complicated when the concept is applied to the crypto world. David Schwartz’s recent statement also mentions this, and he says that this concept is largely misunderstood. He also said that the concept is evolving, which makes its true meaning even more difficult to pinpoint.

His report called “The Inherently Decentralized Nature of XRP Ledger” is Schwartz’s attempt to explain things regarding XRP’s decentralization, and potentially put a stop to various accusations of Ripple’s centralized nature.

He continues to say that XRP is different from Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH), which are using algorithms called Proof-of-Work (PoW) in order to reward miners with coins for their service of validating transactions. Ripple cannot be mined, and instead, it uses a special consensus protocol through which validators verify transactions without rewards.

According to him, these validators are located all around the world and include exchanges, institutions, as well as individuals. This makes the XRP ledger truly decentralized and democratic, as it doesn’t provide anyone with full control over the coin.

Ripple’s CEO confirmed this and supported Schwartz’s post via Twitter when he also promised to talk about the subject himself during his next Ask Me Anything session (which is already completed now).

XRP more decentralized than BTC and ETH?

Schwartz then talked about the supposed decentralization of Bitcoin and Ethereum, stating that up to 58% of BTC network is being controlled by the 4 large mining pools at any given time. Even worse, 57% of ETH network is controlled by only three mining pools. As such, he claims that they are actually far less decentralized than Ripple itself.

Even though the US SEC declared that BTC and ETH are not securities due to the fact that they do not have central governing authority, Schwartz claims that the things are not as simple as that. He also stated that almost 80% of BTC mining is coming from a single country — China. That way, Bitcoin might actually be manipulated by one government. He even warns that there is a real danger of the top two cryptos falling victims to 51% attacks, and possibly have fraudulent transactions.

Then, there is Ripple, which needs 80% of its total validators to constantly support changes over the period of two entire weeks before anything new is applied.

Additionally, XRP operates only 10 out of 150 validators that are currently in charge of validating transactions. When it comes to changing things on the network, each validator only has a single vote to cast. In the end, Schwartz has stated that Ripple is controlling XRP much less than China is controlling BTC.

Finally, he stated his last reason, which should convince everyone that Ripple is truly decentralized, and that is the fact that its users need to select UNL (Unique Code List).

That is basically a list of validators that the users trust, and have chosen them themselves. That way, users are free to pick anyone as their validator, instead of getting someone assigned to them at random, or by company’s choice. With that in mind, he claims that Ripple is, and always has been, nothing less than inherently decentralized.

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Disclaimer: This article should not be taken as, and is not intended to provide, investment advice. Global Coin Report and/or its affiliates, employees, writers, and subcontractors are cryptocurrency investors and from time to time may or may not have holdings in some of the coins or tokens they cover. Please conduct your thorough research before investing in any cryptocurrency and read our full disclaimer.

Image courtesy of Brandon Mowinkel via Unsplash

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Is there a Real Value to Binance Coin (BNB)?

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Binance Coin (BNB) is one of the most interesting cryptocurrencies at the market right now. The coin was developed by the largest crypto exchange by trading volume in the world, and it only works within the exchange’s ecosystem. However, it still managed to achieve what many believed was impossible — it stopped following Bitcoin’s lead, and it started carving its own path.

At the very least, the coin is highly intriguing, but does it hold real value? This is a question that many in the crypto community have been asking for a while now, uncertain whether BNB is a worthy investment or not.

What gives BNB its value?

Binance Coin cannot be used for purchasing goods and services, like Bitcoin. It currently does not fuel a development platform like Ethereum. It cannot even be used as XRP for sending international payments. However, the coin had still managed to triple its price in the last three months and to surge when most other cryptocurrencies were seeing losses due to the last remnants of the crypto winter.

BNB managed to achieve all of this because of its use cases within Binance, but also because of its future potential. First of all, Binance is the largest crypto exchange in the world, with millions of customers, most of which use the exchange on a daily basis.

This means that the exchange inspires…

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Top 3 Reasons To HODL Binance Coin (BNB)

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After 2018 crypto winter began, everyone involved with cryptocurrencies experienced quite a difficult period. The prices were down, weak projects started failing, and even the strong ones appeared to be in more trouble than they could face. The year was especially difficult for HODLers, as they expected that the coins’ prices would continue to skyrocket. Instead, they lost a fortune, not even knowing if the prices will ever start returning to their former heights.

These days, things do not seem so bad anymore. The prices are still down, most of the coins are still at their newly-found bottoms, but smaller bull runs are improving the situation, while a massive one still remains somewhere in the future, at least according to optimists.

However, among the coins in the vast and diverse crypto market, one token stands out. Binance Coin is not exactly a typical cryptocurrency, and for many reasons. The biggest one is that it is one of the few tokens out there that does not follow Bitcoin’s lead, at least not anymore. Whether that will change in the future remains to be seen, but for now, BNB appears to be going its own way, carving its own path through the crypto market.

Its price has increased by several hundred percents since the year began, and for now, it continues to grow. As such, it is perhaps more worthy…

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Why Binance Could Become The First Centralized Company To Achieve Total Decentralization

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At this point, pretty much everyone who knows anything about cryptocurrencies knows that they are based on the concept of decentralization. The same is true for the blockchain technology. While there are some exceptions, such as certain stablecoins, most digital coins follow this principle.

This means that these coins, as well as their network, have no central authority, no single entity that would make choices and decisions that would impact others. However, while most coins managed to achieve this through different complex mechanisms and algorithms — one aspect of crypto trading still remains heavily centralized. We are, of course, talking about crypto exchanges.

Centralization of crypto exchanges

Most of the largest crypto exchanges out there are designed as companies, rather than community-operated platforms. The exchanges have their employees who designed them and developed special tools. They act as customer support, developers, innovators, and alike.

They also get to decide which coins will be listed and which are too weak, uncertain, or not fit to be found on the list. Exchanges are also responsible for keeping the traders’ and investors’ funds safe, which is why they typically develop their own wallets. As such, they are often targeted by hackers, as the coins are stored in an exchange wallet, waiting to be withdrawn, sold, or converted into different currencies.

This makes them extremely unsafe, and investors and traders are always…

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