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From Inception, to Mainnet Release and Beyond – The Whole Story of EOS

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EOS
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There has been a great number of news popping up about EOS in the last few weeks. The cryptocurrency which currently holds the 5th position in market cap and was born from Ethereum, but can surprisingly defy its creator’s spot, is one of the most controversial blockchain applications to have reached the top 10.

EOS was in the middle of a very particular occasion on cryptocurrency platforms which are validated by proof-of-stake (PoS). In case the reader is not aware of it, the “official” fork in PoS blockchains – the one which will continue the main blockchain –is based on which new block has the most stakes (which new block validators trust more). This is not even close to being a problem in most PoS blockchain applications. Validators stake on the most probable block to continue the chain (the “real one”) because that’s the one they profit from. EOS uses a particular case of PoS, the Delegated Proof of Stake, in which only 21 “elected” (by voting) validators validate transactions and create new blocks. It’s sometimes considered more democratic because these validators can decide the destiny of the blockchain, but less democratic because only these master nodes can validate blocks. This supposedly makes the consensus and thus the transactions faster (with fewer nodes) and decisions independent of a central authority.

There are many dPoS blockchains out there, but this clash phenomena about EOS makes it worthy of attention and learning.

Even though the financial success, EOS’s journey has faced some scrutiny, like Vitalik’s vehement criticism on GitHub about the platform on May 3.

The controversy surrounding it recently further raised as there were conflicting groups contending for the faith of EOS before the mainnet launch. And the one which scores the most votes would be the one which would precisely decide the platform’s key aspects (and which will profit from its transaction validations, too).

The beginning

EOS was created by a company called Block.one, which raised more than $4 billion in its ICO (the highest earning ICO ever). More importantly, the first white paper of EOS was launched very recently, in 2017! Block.one turned over the project to the stakeholders – it doesn’t have any say on the future of the platform anymore. It’s, just like its progenitor, a platform where dApps can be built – but with no transaction fees. dPoS provides the opportunity for scalability (as there are fewer nodes to validate the chain) and also removes the need for fees PoW requires (since there are no miners to create new blocks).

EOS, the native token, provides a proportional usage (an x% amount of $EOS allows x% of bandwidth). Staking is proportional to usage, so developers “pay” exactly to how much tokens they own. That’s what eliminates GAS and similar prices from EOS, making it relatively free.

EOS utilizes “parallel processing” to speed up smart contracts, in contrast to most platforms, asynchronous communication allows one single process to be executed by different systems at the same time, something like new processors with several cores did in relation to the old ones.

As Block.one left the platform future entirely in the hand of its users, it’s going to be decided exclusively by the process of voting, a just decision which resulted in a good deal of controversy and market agitation.

The first clash

As a dPoS blockchain, it’s a natural and positive – albeit unusual in this magnitude – an occasion that a different delegate (or group of delegates) provide different prospects for the future of the application.

In EOS, though, it has recently reached a proportion in which two opposing groups were interested in putting forward two different projects for the blockchain – the one who wins would effectively create a hard fork in which new blocks would be validated by themselves and with their rules. According to a letter published on Medium, one of the groups, self-declared EOS Core, focusing on security, and EOS, which the main asset was an automated booting tool.

Both groups successfully forked the testnet a few days before the projected mainnet launch.

Today, there are hundreds of groups competing for the delegate position on EOS. Meetings between them and stakeholders are constantly live-streamed and subject to

Voting process controversy

Firstly, voting on a node means the number of tokens staked on it will stay locked there for three days. As EOS prices seem to be volatile, stakeholders are afraid to keep their tokens locked.

There has also been confusion about the process of casting a vote. While previously done only through a complex command line execution, some users created custom tools to facilitate the procedure.

The go/no-go meetings

To settle down the mainnet launch, a coalition called EOS Mainnet Launch Group (EMLG) of validator candidates were assembled. A voting every 24h for a “go” or “no-go”, as to whether the mainnet should or should not be decided and launched. If a decision for go is made (2/3 + 1 votes for “go” are achieved) and 15% of tokens were staked on a group, the group of the 21 block producers will be settled.

On June 9, voting was almost unanimous for “go”, so, in accord to their order of events, the Mainnet will be launched at June 10, 13:00 UTC, with random validators until the delegates receive sufficient votes.

Market events to note through EOS’s history

  • EOS achieved the #5 position in market cap in April, when its market cap raised 5x in just two weeks.
  • Criticism about its viability, voting process, bugs and Ethereum announcing Casper implementation can be correlated with its slight price drops in the middle of May
  • Value is currently rising as the Mainnet is launched
  • Near future fluctuations will be defined by, among others, aspects like Mainnet viability, delegates election and Ethereum-related updates

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Disclaimer: This article should not be taken as, and is not intended to provide, investment advice. Global Coin Report and/or its affiliates, employees, writers, and subcontractors are cryptocurrency investors and from time to time may or may not have holdings in some of the coins or tokens they cover. Please conduct your own thorough research before investing in any cryptocurrency and read our full disclaimer.

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Bitcoin

Investors Beware: Another Large Bitcoin Crash Might Be Coming

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Bitcoin crash
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The crypto prices have surged quite high in the last few months. Of course, their progress is nowhere near the one seen in 2017, but they appear to be getting there, one day at the time. However, things might not be as simple as that, and according to recent performance — it is more than possible that a major Bitcoin crash is incoming.

The fact is that cryptos saw a massive amount of growth in a very short period. Bitcoin itself more than doubled its price in only two months. Now, the rally is starting to crash in on itself, and the coin is already about $1,000 lower than last week. If such development does come to pass, a lot of people will experience quite large losses, although experienced investors might find some opportunities, and leverage in order to enhance their holdings’ long-term value.

For example, Bitcoin dominance is expected to crash very quickly, which will work in favor of quite a lot of altcoins. While this does not seem to be the best time to invest in BTC, altcoins are another story, and diversifying a portfolio now might end up being very profitable in days to come.

Bitcoin behavior mirrors the pre-bear market situation

The crash that analysts are predicting right now comes as a direct consequence of all the hype that has been building up in…

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Altcoins

Top 3 Coins to Buy Before They Go Big

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Crypto bulls are back, that much is clear. The long-lasting, harsh crypto winter is gone, and the new era in digital currency sector opens up some rather interesting opportunities. With many more bull runs expected to come in months ahead, a lot of coins are likely to blow up and maybe even hit new all-time highs, although that still remains purely theoretical.

On the other hand, the fact is that numerous coins are seeing prices that were not achieved since early 2018, and the overall momentum remains bullish. With that in mind, even if new records do not come for a very long time — chances are that many of the coins will blow up enough for investors to see some serious gains in months to come. As a result, investing in some of these coins now might be a very profitable decision, for those who have the patience to wait a few months. Here are some of the projects believed to have the greatest potential to go big in the second half of 2019 and beyond.

1. TRON (TRX)

Putting TRON on the list should not really surprise anyone, as the project constantly comes up with new project updates, partnerships, and alike. It also constantly breaks records, as is becoming one of the biggest players in the dApp and smart contract development sector.

In the past few…

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Blogs

Can Crypto Credit Cards Disrupt the Fight Against Financial Crime?

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crypto credit cards
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It is commonly known that the world of finances has the biggest problem with the crime of all existing industries around the world. It has been so throughout history. While the financial world has evolved, so did the criminal activities, and they continue to be an issue. With the arrival of cryptocurrencies, many were hoping that financial crime might be disrupted. However, for now, at least, it appears that cryptos themselves cannot find a way to resolve issues such as international money laundering.

In fact, when it comes to money laundering, the crypto sector appears to be the weakest link, especially because of the nature of digital currencies. The anonymity that cryptos are being praised for means that anyone can get a payment from an unknown source from anywhere in the world. This method can then be used for financing drug trafficking, cyberattacks, terrorists, and more.

Until recently, it was not easy for bad actors to make use of cryptocurrencies obtained for illegal purposes. The number of merchants willing to accept the coins was low, and criminals were forced to find a way to exchange crypto into fiat currencies. However, this came with a set of issues, such as taking foreign exchange risks and then sending the money through wallets and exchanges to a banking system that would allow withdrawal. The banking account was the biggest obstacle here,…

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