Aeternity (AE) is the pet project of Yanislav Malahov, who was long associated with the Ethereum team. Currently, according to coinmarketcap.com, Aeternity (AE) holds the 29th position (as of 3rd May 2018). Many crypto coins have come up after the launch of Bitcoin and Ethereum that aim to be one step ahead of these two. Aeternity focuses on the scalability issues and has been designed to offer more advanced scalable smart contracts and decentralized oracles. The transactions require high bandwidth. The developers of Aeternity claim that it has the capability of providing feasible solutions to all the challenges currently faced by the blockchain technology.
From the white paper of Aeternity (AE),
“We present a highly scalable blockchain architecture with a consensus mechanism which is also used to check the oracle. This makes the oracle very efficient, because it avoids layering one consensus mechanism on top of another. State channels are integrated to increase privacy and scalability. Tokens in channels can be transferred using purely functional smart contracts that can access oracle answers. By not storing contract code or state on-chain, we are able to make smart contracts easier to analyze and faster to process, with no substantial loss in de facto functionality.”
The Issue of Scaling Smart Contracts
Ethereum was the first to allow development of smart contracts on the blockchain. But, currently, with so many smart contracts and dApps launched on the Ethereum blockchain it has now become difficult to scale the execution of these smart contracts on the blockchain. As the number of applications and transactions increase the network takes more and more time to complete the transactions. NEO uses a different consensus mechanism to scale its dApps platform to prevent this scalability issue. Zilliqa, on the other hand, integrates sharding technology that allows linear scaling of the blockchain. To address this scalability issue Aeternity (AE) plans to move smart contract execution off-chain. It is ‘combination’ of off-chain settlement of contracts and sharding. Aeternity is currently studying and experimenting in this area.
A unique feature is that the contracts on the Aeternity network do not maintain any state of their own. It is checked by the people confirming the transactions and is submitted as input during execution. Therefore, all the contracts on Aeternity are a “pure function that takes some input and gives a new channel state as output.” Till now, separating stateful and functional demands is an important mark in solving smart contract scalability. Compared to the stateful programs, functional programs are much easier to scale. The smart contracts on Aeternity are developed using the Chalang language that compiles to bytecode.
Consensus mechanism of the Aeternity Network
Aeternity (AE) aims to be the most accessible network to the developers. Hence they are working on creating JSON APIs and JS libraries for web development. The Aeternity network uses a combination of Proof-of-Stake and Proof-of-Work consensus mechanism. Proof-of-Work helps in determining the block order. The consensus mechanism of the Aeternity network not only facilitates the generation of new blocks but also gives the nod to the answers to Oracle questions as well as the values of the system’s parameters.
A smart contract system must have Oracles that refer to the validity of values from the environment. An oracle basically is the doorway to the data hosted outside the blockchain. But, oracles are generally singular, centralized data streams that often brings in security risks. To determine whether a supplied fact is true a new consensus mechanism has to be placed on top of the existing consensus mechanism. However, executing two consensus mechanisms in this manner is quite expensive (almost the cost of running two mechanisms separately). Also, this strategy does not add security and if attacked it can be made to produce “false” values. The development team of Aeternity is working on converging the two consensus mechanisms into one such as not to compromise on security and to prevent excess expenses. The Aeon token holders can publish an oracle by simply answering a question in affirmative or negative. By planning to decentralize the oracle with their oracle machine, Aeternity will actually tighten the security of the network and the smart contracts developed on it.
Governance of the Blockchain
It has been observed that there is always the risk of creating a hard fork when a system upgrade needs to be done. It leads to many complicated issues with long discussions among the value holders. According to Aeternity, the issues arise due to lack of transparency and a well-defined process for protocol upgrade. To solve this, Aeternity has incorporated its governance system into the consensus. “It uses prediction markets to function as efficiently and transparently as possible.” This way the user will learn to manage and improve the protocol and in case of a hard fork, they will be better able to decide on which version of the code they will agree on.
Launched in the cryptocurrency market in June 2017, Aeternity (AE) currently shows the market cap of approximately $1,071,001,703 USD on coinmarketcap.com. (As of 3rd May 2018) When considering its practical plans to solve transaction speeds, scalability issues and governance of the blockchain, it is a coin worth investing in. As to whether AE will stay for eternity it is hard to determine at the moment as Ethereum is also coming up with feasible solutions to the present issues of blockchain technology and many other cryptocurrencies are also trying to solve these issues in their own way.
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Disclaimer: This article should not be taken as, and is not intended to provide, investment advice. Global Coin Report and/or its affiliates, employees, writers, and subcontractors are cryptocurrency investors and from time to time may or may not have holdings in some of the coins or tokens they cover. Please conduct your own thorough research before investing in any cryptocurrency and read our full disclaimer.
Image courtesy of Aftab Uzzaman via Flickr
Aluna.Social is a Compelling Social Platform for Crypto Traders and Investors
When one thinks about the social media landscape, the companies that first come to mind are most likely Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, and Snapchat. These platforms are a great way to stay connected with friends, families, and colleagues, especially when geographic distance is a factor. But, in addition to just chatting about life in general and sharing pictures, social media can be used to bridge the information gap that exists within the investment community.
Over the last decade, many trading offices have been established in large cities all over the world which allow solo traders and investors to pay a monthly fee in exchange for a workspace. The real benefit to trading in these offices is to participate in the free flow of trading ideas and information. Proprietary trading is one of the most challenging careers to be successful at and the exchange of ideas is almost required in order to succeed. Traders at hedge funds and investment banks work in teams so why shouldn’t remote traders?
While these trading offices are a great way to help bridge the information gap, Aluna.Social may provide an even better way, especially as it relates to cryptocurrency trading.
Aluna.Social, founded by Alvin Lee and Henrique Matias, is a multi-exchange social trading terminal for crypto traders and investors. The goal of the platform is to help newcomers shorten their learning curve,…
CoinFlip Scores Big with BRD Wallet Partnership
As the crypto markets move closer to mass adoption, one of the keys for future success will revolve around attracting as many market participants as possible. While many crypto users are extremely tech oriented, a lot of those on the sidelines are not. The cause of waiting on the sidelines could be due to a variety of reasons such as fear of the unknown, lack of knowledge, age, or a combination of all of the above. In order to entice new users to join the crypto revolution, crypto ATMs are rising up across the country. Of those, the largest and most influential crypto ATM company by a significant margin is CoinFlip.
In early October, CoinFlip announced on its Twitter that it had officially partnered with BRD Wallet to re-introduce their crypto ATM map. Now, BRD wallet users will be able to locate their nearest CoinFlip ATM and receive a 10% discount for both buys and sells. BRD brand awareness is growing quickly within the crypto community thanks to its innovative and entrepreneurial spirit. The team strongly believes in the value of financial freedom and independence, and want to empower people across the world by leveraging the possibilities that Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies provide.
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While Bitcoin (BTC) continues to hover around the magical 10,000 price level, altcoins continue to fight an uphill battle. Simply put, hopes of a future bull run continue to diminish as Bitcoin maintains its dominance. One school of thought is that a few altcoins will survive and flourish, but which ones are anyone’s guess. That being said, it’s hard to go wrong picking against the top coins like Ethereum (ETH), Ripple (XRP), Litecoin (LTC), and EOS. These projects have managed to find a foothold in the market and have a better chance than most of staying there. While traders wait for their positions to increase in value, one opportunity that may be worth looking at is initiating a collateralized debt position.
What is a Cryptocurrency CDP?
In traditional terms, a CDP is essentially putting up collateral in order to receive a loan against the deposited amount. There are several examples of this in our day to day lives. Auto title loans from large companies like TitleMax are extremely popular with consumers. Consumers are essentially able to use their car as collateral in exchange for a cash payment which can then be used for whatever needs the consumer has. The consumer can continue using their car as long as debt payments are made.
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